trust

trust
trust n 1 Trust, confidence, reliance, dependence, faith can all mean the fact of feeling sure or the state of mind of one who feels sure that a person or thing will not fail him.
Trust implies an absolute and assured resting on something or someone; it often suggests a basis upon other grounds than experience or sensible proofs. It is the most frequent term in religious use
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O God ... in thee is my unbeliefMk 141:8

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but it occurs also in secular use, especially when an intimate knowledge of or a deep affection for someone is implied
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he was a gentleman on whom I built an absolute trust—Shak.

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or when there has been no cause for changing an instinctive or intuitive judgment respecting a person's or thing's reliability
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the ways in which some of the most highly placed and powerful figures in the state have betrayed the public trustArmbrister

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Confidence need not imply such definite grounds for one's assurances as the support of experience or of convincing evidence; when it does, it carries less suggestion of emo-tional factors than trust and a stronger implication of an assurance based upon the evidence of one's senses
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those in whom we had no confidence, and who reposed no confidence in us— Burke

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When it does not imply such grounds, it usually suggests less reliable grounds for that feeling than does trust
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he had ... an unquenchable confidence in himself and a deep, burning sense of mission— Shirer

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Reliance implies not only an attitude or feeling but also an objective expression of it in act or action
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he had such reliance on the doctor's skill that he allowed himself to be operated upon at once

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his diffidence had prevented his depending on his own judgment in so anxious a case, but his reliance on mine made everything easy— Austen

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Mark had written out his Christmas sermon with a good deal of care and an excessive reliance on what other preachers had said before him— Mackenzie

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Dependence differs from reliance chiefly in suggesting greater subordination of self
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affectionate dependence on the Creator— Thomas Erskine

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he had a . . . mixture of conceit and terrible self-doubt, and ... he shifted between extremes of emotional dependence and independence— Wouk

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Faith (see also BELIEF 1) implies confidence, but it often suggests a degree of credulity or an unquestioning acceptance of something capable of being objectively tested and proved or disproved; it is often used when the person or thing in which one has faith is open to question or suspicion
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he has great faith in a popular patent medicine

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my faith in Germanism had not wavered— H. S. Chamberlain

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Analogous words: assurance, conviction, certitude, *certainty: *belief, faith, credence, credit
Antonyms: mistrust
2 *monopoly, corner, pool, syndicate, cartel
trust vb *rely, depend, count, reckon, bank
Analogous words: confide, entrust, *commit, consign: hope, *expect, look

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

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  • Trust — Trust, n. [OE. trust, trost, Icel. traust confidence, security; akin to Dan. & Sw. tr[ o]st comfort, consolation, G. trost, Goth. trausti a convention, covenant, and E. true. See {True}, and cf. {Tryst}.] 1. Assured resting of the mind on the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • trust — [trust] n. [ME < ON traust, trust, lit., firmness < IE * drou sto < base * deru , tree > TREE, TRUE + sto , standing < base * sta , to STAND] 1. a) firm belief or confidence in the honesty, integrity, reliability, justice, etc. of… …   English World dictionary

  • Trust — 〈[ trʌ̣st] m. 6〉 Zusammenschluss mehrerer Unternehmungen od. Firmen zu einem Großunternehmen unter Verlust ihrer Selbstständigkeit [engl. <mengl. trust, trost <anord. traust „Vertrauen, Zuversicht“; → Trost] * * * Trust [trast, trʌst ,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Trust — Trust, v. i. 1. To have trust; to be credulous; to be won to confidence; to confide. [1913 Webster] More to know could not be more to trust. Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. To be confident, as of something future; to hope. [1913 Webster] I will trust and …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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